American Record 1940s-1960s

 American Background 1940s-1960s Essay

AmericanВ HistoryВ 1940sВ­1960sВ

TheВ primaryВ economic, В social, В diplomatic, В andВ politicalВ challengesВ thatВ confrontedВ AmericansВ duringВ theВ 1940sВ­1960sВ cannotВ beВ attributedВ toВ oneВ singleВ underlyingВ factorВ orВ politicalВ party, В butВ ratherВ severalВ differentВ factorsВ andВ politicalВ parties. В В ForВ instance, В liberalismВ cannotВ beВ blamedВ forВ allВ issuesВ duringВ thisВ periodВ sinceВ McCarthy, В aВ Republican, В hadВ furtherВ perpetuatedВ theВ alreadyВ prominentВ fearВ ofВ communismВ inВ society. В В MostВ ofВ theseВ issuesВ originatedВ withВ theВ ColdВ WarВ consensusВ andВ generalВ fearВ inВ communismВ duringВ thisВ period. В TheВ unstableВ diplomacyВ betweenВ theВ UnitedВ StatesВ andВ SovietВ UnionВ andВ theВ rootsВ ofВ theВ ColdВ WarВ beganВ withВ mutualВ distrustВ andВ fearВ betweenВ theВ UnitedВ StatesВ andВ SovietВ Union. В В TrumanВ viewedВ allВ stepsВ takenВ byВ StalinВ asВ aВ threatВ toВ democracy. В В StalinВ madeВ itВ hisВ primaryВ focusВ toВ secureВ hisВ bordersВ andВ maintainВ hisВ sphereВ ofВ influenceВ inВ EasternВ Europe. В TheВ democraticВ ideasВ ofВ theВ UnitedВ StatesВ andВ theВ communistВ ideasВ ofВ theВ SovietВ UnionВ wereВ completelyВ opposed, В andВ " eachВ stepВ takenВ byВ oneВ sideВ toВ enhanceВ itsВ securityВ appearedВ anВ actВ ofВ provocationВ toВ theВ other. ”1 В В

Truman'sВ policyВ withВ theВ SovietВ UnionВ wasВ notВ favoredВ byВ manyВ Americans, В evenВ liberalsВ ofВ hisВ ownВ party. В В TheВ SecretaryВ ofВ CommerceВ HenryВ WallaceВ warnedВ thatВ theВ U. S. В mustВ takeВ intoВ accountВ " RussianВ history... becauseВ itВ isВ theВ settingВ inВ whichВ RussiansВ seeВ allВ actionsВ andВ policiesВ ofВ theВ restВ ofВ theВ world, " В thatВ allВ actionsВ ofВ defenseВ takenВ byВ theВ USВ " seemВ toВ haveВ anВ aggressiveВ intent, " В andВ " afterВ twentyВ­fiveВ yearsВ ofВ isolationВ andВ afterВ havingВ achievedВ theВ statusВ ofВ aВ majorВ power, В RussiaВ believesВ thatВ sheВ isВ entitledВ toВ recognitionВ ofВ herВ newВ status. " two В

one particular

StevenВ M. В Gillon, В TheВ AmericanВ Paradox: В AВ HistoryВ ofВ theВ UnitedВ StatesВ sinceВ 1945, В 2ndВ ed. В (Boston, В MA: В HoughtonВ MifflinВ Company, В 2007), В 11В­13. В

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AmericanВ SocialВ HistoryВ ProjectВ /В CenterВ forВ MediaВ andВ LearningВ andВ RoyВ RosenzweigВ CenterВ forВ HistoryВ andВ NewВ Press, В " " AchievingВ anВ AtmosphereВ ofВ MutualВ TrustВ andВ Confidence”: В HenryВ A. В WallaceВ OffersВ anВ AlternativeВ toВ ColdВ WarВ Containment, " В AmericanВ SocialВ HistoryВ Productions, В accessedВ MarchВ 15, В 2014, В http://historymatters.gmu.edu/credits.html.В

В 

GeorgeВ Kennan, В SovietВ specialistВ inВ theВ U. S i9000. В embassy, В hadВ hadВ alsoВ warnedВ theВ UnitedВ StatesВ aboutВ theВ Soviets'В outlook, В statingВ itВ asВ " theВ productВ ofВ ideologyВ andВ situations. " several В В ThisВ refersВ toВ theВ ideologyВ thatВ hadВ beenВ passedВ downВ throughВ theВ many years, В andВ theВ wayВ theВ SovietВ UnionВ hadВ practicedВ itsВ powerВ inВ theВ lastВ threeВ decades. В KennanВ recommendedВ " cautious, В persistentВ pressureВ towardВ theВ disruptionВ andВ weakeningВ ofВ allВ rivalВ influenceВ andВ rivalВ power. " four В В UsingВ cautiousВ counterВ­attacksВ againstВ SovietВ aggressionВ createdВ theВ policyВ ofВ containmentВ andВ theВ ideaВ thatВ AmericaВ couldВ beВ anВ assertiveВ forceВ inВ internationalВ affairs. В

America'sВ assertivenessВ ledВ toВ itsВ involvementВ inВ theВ KoreanВ War. В В AfterВ GeneralВ DouglasВ MacArthurВ miscalculatedВ thatВ theВ ChineseВ wouldВ notВ interveneВ withВ theВ war, В TrumanВ hopedВ theВ " CommunistВ planВ ofВ conquestВ canВ beВ stoppedВ withoutВ aВ generalВ war”5 В andВ soughtВ afterВ aВ moreВ peacefulВ solutionВ thanВ MacArthur'sВ suggestionВ ofВ attackingВ ChinaВ andВ riskingВ theВ startВ ofВ anotherВ worldВ war. В В WhenВ TrumanВ relievedВ MacArthurВ ofВ hisВ command, В theВ publicВ wasВ angryВ andВ RepublicanВ leadersВ threatenedВ toВ impeachВ Truman. В В However, В theВ warВ continuedВ theВ expansionВ ofВ publicВ powerВ andВ intensifiedВ suspicionsВ ofВ communismВ atВ home. 6 В TheВ ideaВ ofВ antiВ­communismВ originatedВ evenВ beforeВ WWIIВ inВ AmericanВ unions. В RichardВ Frankensteen, В directorВ ofВ theВ aviationВ divisionВ ofВ theВ UnitedВ AutomobileВ WorkersВ (UAW), В blamedВ anВ unauthorizedВ strikeВ onВ theВ " viciousВ maneuveringВ ofВ theВ CommunistВ Party. ”7 DuringВ theВ conventionВ forВ theВ UAWВ inВ 1939В WalterВ Reuther, В proponentВ ofВ antiВ­communism, В

3...

Bibliography: andВ Confidence”: В HenryВ A. В WallaceВ OffersВ anВ AlternativeВ toВ ColdВ WarВ Containment. " В

AmericanВ SocialВ HistoryВ Productions, В Inc. В AccessedВ MarchВ 15, В 2014. В

Gillon, В StevenВ M. В TheВ AmericanВ Paradox: В AВ HistoryВ ofВ theВ UnitedВ StatesВ sinceВ 1945. В

2ndВ ed. В Boston, В MA: В HoughtonВ MifflinВ Company, В 2007. В

Gender, В andВ Race. В Philadelphia, В PA: В UniversityВ ofВ PennsylvaniaВ Press, В 2000. В

4В­10. В LidoВ Beach, В NY: В WhittierВ Publications, В 1994. В

Masco, В JosephВ P. В " TerrorВ asВ Normality. " В BulletinВ ofВ theВ AtomicВ ScientistsВ 69, В no. В 6В

(NovemberВ 2013): В 26В­32. В AccessedВ MarchВ 15, В 2014. В doi: 10. 1177/0096340213508631. В

andВ CookbooksВ inВ theВ 1950s. " В JournalВ ofВ SocialВ HistoryВ 32, В no. В 3В (SpringВ 1999): В 529В­55. В

AccessedВ MarchВ 11, В 2014. В http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy.niagara.edu/stable/3789341.В

24, В 1947, В Books. В AccessedВ MarchВ 8, В 2014. В

http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.niagara.edu/docview/107987731?accountid=28213.В

AntiВ­CommunistВ CrusadeВ ofВ theВ 1950s, В 0018В­2370В ser., В 71, В no. В 2В (SummerВ 2009). В AccessedВ

MarchВ 6, В 2014. В DOI: 10. 1111/j. 1540В­6563. 2009. 00235. x. В

Affect. " В TheВ NewВ YorkВ TimesВ (NewВ York, В NY), В JuneВ 8, В 1941, В 37. В AccessedВ MarchВ 7, В 2014. В

http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.niagara.edu/docview/106059117?accountid=28213.В

Stanely, В Tim. В " TheВ ChangingВ FaceВ ofВ theВ AmericanВ Family. " В HistoryВ Today, В 0018В­2753В

se tornar., В 62, В no. В 11В (NovemberВ 2012): В 10В­15. В AccessedВ MarchВ 6, В 2014. В EBSCOВ (83883085. ). В

eleven, В 1951. В InВ EchoesВ ofВ theВ Future: В TheВ VoicesВ ofВ AmericaВ sinceВ 1945, В editedВ byВ GeraldВ

CarpenterВ andВ DonaldВ F. В Peters, В 52В­55. В LidoВ Beach, В NY: В WhittierВ Publications, В 1994. В

LiberalismВ beforeВ theВ RedВ Scare. " В LaborВ History, В 0023В­656XВ ser., В 53, В no. В 4В (NovemberВ 2012): В

495В­515. В AccessedВ MarchВ 6, В 2014. В DOI: 10. 1080/0023656X. 2012. 731771.


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